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The Arab Sea Ports Federation

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Active Members

Port of Mina Salman

Mina Salman

Working Member

Mina Salman Port in Bahrain

General Manager of King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam
Mr. Naeem Bin Ibrahim El-Naeem

Overview

The seaport Mina Salman is the country’s main commercial port facility, housing the department of customs clearance in its premises. Located in Manama, the capital of Bahrain and an industrial and manufacturing hub, the port is the point of entry of more than half of the nation’s imports and handles most of its exports. Almost 80% of the cargo handled is containerised. It is also called the old Manama port since most maritime traffic is now being diverted to the new port of Khalifa Bin Salman.

More than 3200 ships carrying approximately 2,39,700 TEU and 4.7 tonnes of general cargo are handled at Mina Salman Port every year. It was a natural harbour before the establishment of the port in 1962 with an annual handling capacity of more than 2.5 million tonnes.

The port’s history goes back to 5000 years and it was used as a trading post by the Dilmun civilisation, followed by Arabs in the 7th century. The Age of Exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries led the Portuguese to this harbour which went to the Persians in the 1600s. Since the late 17th century, Manama and the port have been controlled by the Al Khalifah kingdom.

In the mid-90s the major port activities were fishing, pearl collecting and construction of small boats. The navigation channel was narrow and larger vessels could not be accommodated. But with the discovery of oil in the 1930s, Manama and the port began to be developed as the heart of the Kingdom’s commercial, financial and trading centre.

The port’s construction began in the mid-1950s with the addition of numerous wharves, port equipment and storage facilities, making it a crucial port in the Gulf region capable of accommodating the biggest ships. In the 1980s the port underwent further expansion and modernisation.

Location

The city of Bejaia is located on the foot of Mount Gouraya and the shoreline extends to the Cape of Carbon. It is situated 180 km east of the National Capital City of Algiers. The port is managed and operated by Enterprise Portuaire d’Bejaia.

The number of berths in the port is 39, including:

  • General cargo berths-containers and RO-RO berths.
  • Grain and fodder berths.
  • Unpacked cargo berths, cooled cargo berths and general cargo berths.

The depth of sea waters in such berths ranges from 9 up to 14 meters, while its total length is 7837 meters. Such berths are provided with modern equipment and installations for cargo handling and stowage, in addition to carrying it from the port, also forklift and other electronic lifts of different types, some of which are of 3.2.15 tons capacity. Moreover, lifts for unloading grains, receiving dock with a length reaching 4000 meters and the sea depth along the dock ranging between 4.5 and 6 meters.

They are represented in Authorities, associations, councils and administrations working in the field of the Arab Sea Ports facilities.

Berth Properties

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Port Characteristics

Presently the port boasts a dock spanning 800 m, comprising 10 berthing facilities for handling general cargo. Three berths were recently constructed to handle the increasing bulk cargoes. All berths have been dredged to depths of approximately 11 m.

The Container terminal was opened in 1979 and includes 15 container berths each covering 200 m, capable of accommodating ships weighing up to 70,000 DWT. The storage area covers 400,000 sq m for storing up to 10,000 TEU and an additional 200,000 sq m of the open storage yard. Cold storage and 320 reefer connections are also offered.

The port has designated storage space enclosing a 175,000 sq m open storage space and a 125,000 sq m sheltered storage area comprising 10 warehouses. The cargo handling area near the main pier spans more than 50,000 sq m.

Engineering Features

The port has a channel depth of 13.7 metres which makes it suitable for large vessels and oil tankers (Panamax and Supr-Panamax class ships). The average water depth at the cargo pier and oil terminal is 9.1 metres. The major exports handled by the Port of Bejaia since the early 2000s has been hydrocarbons and petroleum products.

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Productivity Features

Providing a safe passage to the container ships and maintenance services are major priorities of this port. The port has a storage yard coverage of almost 18000 square metres and an open container ground of 400,000 square metres. Bejaia port is the only port in Algeria that has the authority of handling dangerous goods, with 6 hangers of 140,000 square metres each.

Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Cargo Handling2000000Thousand Tons/Year
Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Containers Handling (TEU)900000TEU/Year
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Draft)14Meters
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Length)300Meters
Container Handling Rate2465TEU/Day
General Cargo Stevedoring Rate38356Tons/Day
Working Hours113974Hour
General Cargo Handled During The Year 20053850Thousand Tons
Containerized Handled Cargo During The Year 20058529Thousand Tons
Dry Bulk Cargo3882Thousand Tons
Liquid Bulk Cargo57Thousand Tons
Number Of Handled TEU During894809Thousand Tons/Container
Number Of Passengers During 2005-Passengers

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