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The Arab Sea Ports Federation

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Active Members

Port of Sitra

Sitra

Working Member

Sitra Port in Bahrain

General Manager of King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam
Mr. Naeem Bin Ibrahim El-Naeem

Overview

The port of Sitra is the nation’s most important oil and petroleum processing facility. Lying on the island of Sitra near the Khor Qhaliya east of the main archipelago, it is owned and managed by the government of Bahrain. This oil handling facility also deals with dry cargo and liquid bulk such as petroleum, chemical products and liquified petroleum gas. The port handles more than 1000 vessels annually with a maximum draught of 12 m.

The port comprises many wharves leased to private companies for transporting their products. The Bahrain Petroleum Company operates 6 berths for handling petroleum products and another berth for accommodating smaller ships with a total length and draft of 72 m and 5 m respectively.

Aluminium Bahrain or ALBA operates a wharf with 2 berthing facilities, one used for accommodating ships carrying bulk cargo such as coke and alumina ore while the second berth is utilised for handling metal products.

Two docks with a length of more than 300 m each and a quay wall along with 7 berthing facilities and a drydock spanning 360 m are utilised by the Arab Shipbuilding and Repair Yard company offering ship repair and maintenance services.

One of the wharves and two berths are leased by the Gulf petrochemical industries company used for handling shipments of iron ore and aluminium. One of the berths has a big storage area.

Location

The port is connected to Saudi Arabia through an oil pipeline till Dammam. Sitra city also has oil storage tanks and the Sitra refinery is situated a few kilometres from the port. Before the transformation of the area as a major industrial region, it was known for the production of date palms.

The number of berths in the port is 39, including:

  • General cargo berths-containers and RO-RO berths.
  • Grain and fodder berths.
  • Unpacked cargo berths, cooled cargo berths and general cargo berths.

The depth of sea waters in such berths ranges from 9 up to 14 meters, while its total length is 7837 meters. Such berths are provided with modern equipment and installations for cargo handling and stowage, in addition to carrying it from the port, also forklift and other electronic lifts of different types, some of which are of 3.2.15 tons capacity. Moreover, lifts for unloading grains, receiving dock with a length reaching 4000 meters and the sea depth along the dock ranging between 4.5 and 6 meters.

They are represented in Authorities, associations, councils and administrations working in the field of the Arab Sea Ports facilities.

Berth Properties

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Port Characteristics

Inland portNo
Mean tide1 foot m
Tide
Overhead Limit
Channel41 - 45 feet12.5 - 13.7 meters
Cargo Pier41 - 45 feet12.5 - 13.7 meters
Mean Tide1 foot
Anchorage56 - 60 feet17.1 - 18.2 meters
Oil Terminal31 - 35 feet9.4 - 10 meters

Presently the port boasts a dock spanning 800 m, comprising 10 berthing facilities for handling general cargo. Three berths were recently constructed to handle the increasing bulk cargoes. All berths have been dredged to depths of approximately 11 m.

The Container terminal was opened in 1979 and includes 15 container berths each covering 200 m, capable of accommodating ships weighing up to 70,000 DWT. The storage area covers 400,000 sq m for storing up to 10,000 TEU and an additional 200,000 sq m of the open storage yard. Cold storage and 320 reefer connections are also offered.

The port has designated storage space enclosing a 175,000 sq m open storage space and a 125,000 sq m sheltered storage area comprising 10 warehouses. The cargo handling area near the main pier spans more than 50,000 sq m.

Engineering Features

The port has a channel depth of 13.7 metres which makes it suitable for large vessels and oil tankers (Panamax and Supr-Panamax class ships). The average water depth at the cargo pier and oil terminal is 9.1 metres. The major exports handled by the Port of Bejaia since the early 2000s has been hydrocarbons and petroleum products.

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Productivity Features

Providing a safe passage to the container ships and maintenance services are major priorities of this port. The port has a storage yard coverage of almost 18000 square metres and an open container ground of 400,000 square metres. Bejaia port is the only port in Algeria that has the authority of handling dangerous goods, with 6 hangers of 140,000 square metres each.

Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Cargo Handling2000000Thousand Tons/Year
Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Containers Handling (TEU)900000TEU/Year
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Draft)14Meters
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Length)300Meters
Container Handling Rate2465TEU/Day
General Cargo Stevedoring Rate38356Tons/Day
Working Hours113974Hour
General Cargo Handled During The Year 20053850Thousand Tons
Containerized Handled Cargo During The Year 20058529Thousand Tons
Dry Bulk Cargo3882Thousand Tons
Liquid Bulk Cargo57Thousand Tons
Number Of Handled TEU During894809Thousand Tons/Container
Number Of Passengers During 2005-Passengers

Harbor Characteristics

Harbor SizeSmall
ShelterFair
Max Vessel SizeOver 500 feet in length
Harbor TypeCoastal Natural
Turning AreaYes

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