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The Arab Sea Ports Federation

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Active Members

Port of Umm Qasr

Working Member

Port of Umm Qasr, Iraq

General Manager of King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam
Mr. Naeem Bin Ibrahim El-Naeem

Overview

Owned by the Iraqi Government, the General Company for Ports of Iraq is responsible for managing and operating the ports in the country. This body was established in 1919 and comes under the Ministry of Transport.

Situated at Iraq’s Gulf Coast, Umm Qasr is the main seaport of Iraq and also the only deep-water port of the country. It handles the majority of the country’s export trade. This port comprises three different port zones namely- Umm Qasr South Port, North Port and Umm Qasr Mid port.

All these three ports have different port management authorities and numerous operators handle the port operations such as loading and unloading goods, providing storage space, renting warehouses etc.

Location

Khor Al Zubair Port is situated near the port of Umm Qasr.

The number of berths in the port is 39, including:

  • General cargo berths-containers and RO-RO berths.
  • Grain and fodder berths.
  • Unpacked cargo berths, cooled cargo berths and general cargo berths.

The depth of sea waters in such berths ranges from 9 up to 14 meters, while its total length is 7837 meters. Such berths are provided with modern equipment and installations for cargo handling and stowage, in addition to carrying it from the port, also forklift and other electronic lifts of different types, some of which are of 3.2.15 tons capacity. Moreover, lifts for unloading grains, receiving dock with a length reaching 4000 meters and the sea depth along the dock ranging between 4.5 and 6 meters.

They are represented in Authorities, associations, councils and administrations working in the field of the Arab Sea Ports facilities.

Berth Properties

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Port Characteristics

The Port has 21 berths measuring around 5000m. It is quite expansive and is connected to major oilfields in the south of Iraq.

It is a multi-purpose port and can take care of diverse cargo such as liquid and dry bulk cargo, containerised cargo and also general cargo. The port also has a bank and a logistics depot.

Engineering Features and Productivity Features

The Umm Qasr port can handle ships weighing about 5000 TEU. About 90 vessels visit this port in a month and it handles 50,000 TEU container traffic per month.

The port has the latest equipment such as 8 container gantries, 9 mobile cranes with a total capacity of 100 tonnes, reach stackers, 12 trailers, 2 transtrainers and a forklift.

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

South Port

Overview

Built in the 1940s, the Umm Qasr South Port is the oldest. It only provides storage facilities for containers. In the case of private cargo, all the equipment is offered by private companies operating at the port. The Iraqi Port Authority has established an electronic gate control mechanism for calling and stevedoring the ships. This system is operated from the control room and is highly efficient. It has led to more safety in port operations and contributed to increasing the port’s productivity.

Port Characteristics

The South port has 9 berths. Berth number 1 is operated by the government and is used for the transport of military equipment. The 2nd -6th berth handles bulk goods and general cargo. The 8th berth is solely used for containers. Lastly, berth 9 handles liquid bulk. At this port, bagged cargo is directly loaded into trucks. Gulftainer and CMA CGM deal with containers while the Iraqi Port Authority deals with bulk and general cargo.

North Port

Overview

North Umm Qasr port was built in the 1970s and since then it has become the busiest port in Iraq. It is a multipurpose port, capable of handling Bulk Cargo, containerised cargo as well as Ro-Ro.

Port Characteristics

The Port has 14 berths, the majority of which are operated by private operating companies. The port faces congestion as numerous trucks have to wait for entering the port while others for getting clearance for imported cargo. This disturbs the port operations and is a problem that the port authorities have been trying to rectify. However, North Port boasts of systematic and organized container yards and storage spaces. The north port contains the Gulftainer Terminal, Basra Multipurpose Terminal, The Gateway Terminal of Basra and also Umm Qasr Logistics Centre. Recently, the North port has been linked to the railways. This has connected the port to the capital city Baghdad. Goods can be transported by the railway at only half the cost charged by trucks. Berth number 10 is owned by the Ministry of Trade and contains silos for storing grains. Berth 11 connects to Umm Qasr logistics depot which also has cold storage facilities. Berth 12-15 serve the Basra Oil Terminal and Berth 16-18 are operated by Iraqi Port Authorities, Berth 19-22 and Berth 27, serve the Basra Gateway Terminal. The Gulftainer Terminal is located at berth 11. Here container goods are loaded and unloaded using shore gantries and cranes. The major shipping line is at Maersk and the container yard has reefer points. Umm Qasr Logistics Centre operates as a dry port and is owned by the Gulftainer Group. It also uses berth 11 for loading and unloading operations. It offers services such as storage for containers, warehouse space, cold storage space. This port has a clearing agency and customs department. It also offers office space on rent to companies operating at the main Umm Qasr Port. Basra Multipurpose Terminal utilises berths 12-15 for containers and general bulk cargo. It has six mobile cranes along with reefer points. The terminal has 8 storage warehouses which are about 7000m2 each. These warehouses are currently operational and work at full capacity. Basra Gateway Terminal started its operations in 2017, on the newly built berth 27. Currently, it uses berths 19-21 for shifting container goods from vessels to the shore by shore gantries and cranes. However, only Ro-Ro vessels are welcomed at berth 21. Warehouses at berth 21 do not operate at their maximum capacity.

Umm Qasr Mid Port

It handles multipurpose cargo.

Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Cargo Handling2000000Thousand Tons/Year
Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Containers Handling (TEU)900000TEU/Year
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Draft)14Meters
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Length)300Meters
Container Handling Rate2465TEU/Day
General Cargo Stevedoring Rate38356Tons/Day
Working Hours113974Hour
General Cargo Handled During The Year 20053850Thousand Tons
Containerized Handled Cargo During The Year 20058529Thousand Tons
Dry Bulk Cargo3882Thousand Tons
Liquid Bulk Cargo57Thousand Tons
Number Of Handled TEU During894809Thousand Tons/Container
Number Of Passengers During 2005-Passengers

Contact

AddressNorth Port, Umm Qasr, Basra Iraq
Telephone00964 7834992443 24/7 Helpline
00971 45547026
FAX
Email Addressinfo@ictsiiraq.com