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The Arab Sea Ports Federation

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Active Members

Port of Beirut/Bayrut , Lebanon

Port of Beirut

Working Member

Port of Beirut/Bayrut , Lebanon

General Manager of King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam
Mr. Naeem Bin Ibrahim El-Naeem

Overview

The West Asian nation of Lebanon is one of the most culturally and ethnically rich among the Middle Eastern Countries.

There are about 13 ports in Lebanon owned by the government, however, some are operated and managed by private agencies. They play an important role in driving the economy and significantly add to its GDP. These ports are not only hubs of exchange but also known for their nightlife, cuisine and are popular among tourists, especially from Japan.

Location

Located at the confluence of the Mediterranean Basin and Arabian peninsula

The number of berths in the port is 39, including:

  • General cargo berths-containers and RO-RO berths.
  • Grain and fodder berths.
  • Unpacked cargo berths, cooled cargo berths and general cargo berths.

The depth of sea waters in such berths ranges from 9 up to 14 meters, while its total length is 7837 meters. Such berths are provided with modern equipment and installations for cargo handling and stowage, in addition to carrying it from the port, also forklift and other electronic lifts of different types, some of which are of 3.2.15 tons capacity. Moreover, lifts for unloading grains, receiving dock with a length reaching 4000 meters and the sea depth along the dock ranging between 4.5 and 6 meters.

They are represented in Authorities, associations, councils and administrations working in the field of the Arab Sea Ports facilities.

Berth Properties

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Port Characteristics

Strategically located amidst the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, Beirut port is the premier port of Lebanon and also known as the gateway to the Middle East. Two of the world’s most renowned shipping companies namely MSC and CMA-CGM have made it their transhipment hub.

It is crucial for transporting cargo to Persian Gulf nations, Jordan, Syria and Iraq. It was owned and operated by the Port Authority of Beirut but with the end of the civil war in 1990, the government took back its ownership. Since then it has been revamped and expanded periodically.

In 2020, an explosion at the Beirut port caused by ammonium nitrate resulted in thousands of casualties, ravaged the port and its infrastructure and also destroyed city buildings including hotels and hospitals. It caused enormous financial losses to Lebanon.

Engineering Features

StatementArea
Length of Navigational Channel14Miles
Width of Navigational Channel400Meters
Total port area181000000Square Meters
Water Area174.160.000Square Kilometers
Land area6.840.000Square Kilometers
Total area of container yards1545000Square meters
Total area of opened area yards2391850Square meters
Total area of covered storing yards181000Square meters
Tankers areaNot availableSquare meters

Engineering Features/Productivity Features

The Port of Beirut is huge, spanning 1,200,000 m² and comprises a General Cargo Terminal, a Container Terminal, a Passenger Terminal, Free Zone and a Silo storage area. Beirut Port handled 3000 vessels in 2015 and has an annual capacity of 8 million tonnes of cargo. The container terminal can deal with 1,140,300 TEUs annually. The port can accommodate large vessels weighing about 60,000 DWT. This port has 7 conventional berths, 7 container berths and a silo berth that are 5,155 m long. Beirut Port Company is still in charge of the equipment. The Container terminal has 12 ship-to-shore gantries, 39 rubber-tyred gantry cranes and 6 container handlers and 19 mobile cranes. The General Cargo Terminal has 47 mobile cranes, 14 reach stackers, 8 tractors, 78 trailers and 50 forklifts. Most container traffic is handled by berth 16 as it can take the biggest container ships. It spans over 36.5 hectares and handles 750,000 TEUs annually. Small ships are handled at berths 12, 13 and 14. The container terminal is undergoing the 2nd phase of expansion and when completed it would increase the handling capacity to 2.1 million TEUs annually. The general cargo area of the

Multipurpose terminal has 12 warehouses and a silo for storing grain. RoRo facilities are only at berth 13. It also has 800 reefer points for refrigerated containerised cargo.

The Silo Terminal, managed by the Ministry of Economy, can store 120,000 mt of grains, especially wheat. There are 48 cells each with 2,500 mt capacity. There are also 500 cells with 500 mt capacity.

The port has a Logistics free zone and a free zone that comprises a duty-free market, 3 industrial buildings, and a special warehouse for storing hazardous substances.

Dora Terminals

There are 8 private terminals at Dora, which lie in the northern part of Beirut port. These include the Medco, MPC, Jirco, Coral Oil, Wardieh, Uniterninal, Gas Liban and Total terminals.

Port of Amchit

A Subport of Beirut, it is used for the discharge of clean oil products. It has 2 terminals namely the IPT terminal and the Universal Gas Terminal.

Development Plan

The government of Lebanon recognized the importance of ports and has undertaken many port redevelopment projects. After the civil war, the Beirut reconstruction program was launched and it has received much success.

Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Cargo Handling2000000Thousand Tons/Year
Maximum Total Designed Capacity For Containers Handling (TEU)900000TEU/Year
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Draft)14Meters
Largest Received Vessel (According To Its Length)300Meters
Container Handling Rate2465TEU/Day
General Cargo Stevedoring Rate38356Tons/Day
Working Hours113974Hour
General Cargo Handled During The Year 20053850Thousand Tons
Containerized Handled Cargo During The Year 20058529Thousand Tons
Dry Bulk Cargo3882Thousand Tons
Liquid Bulk Cargo57Thousand Tons
Number Of Handled TEU During894809Thousand Tons/Container
Number Of Passengers During 2005-Passengers

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